This year the date for karadayan Nombu 15 March 2019 date is between 5:15 AM and 5:45 AM on March 15 before sunrise (India Standard Time). The exact time of Panguni month beginning is at 5:40 AM on March 15.
savithri nombu, karadayan nombu..Savithri pleading with Lord Yama to save her husbands life
Karadayan Nonbu or Savitri Vratham is a traditional
Tamil festival of fasting and tying of turmeric smeared yellow thread around the necks, and pray for the well being and long life of their husbands.
when Tamil month ‘Masi’ ends and the next month ‘Panguni’ starts. The legend goes that “Savithri fought with Lord Yama to save
her husbands life, therefore the significance of fasting is for the long life and well being of their husbands.
butter.Yellow turmeric smeared threads with a flower are tied around the necks of both married, unmarried and young girls at the appropriate moment after doing pooja.One yellow thread should be tied for the Goddess or the lamp in the house as a symbol..
nallum en kanavar piriyamal iruka vendum”.
Ingredients for the uppu adai ( salted version )
- 1 cup rice flour (obtained by soaking raw rice for an hour, kept to dry on a cloth and air dried.This rice is then powdered in the mixie to a very fine texture, sieved and 1 cup measure from this powder.This is the traditional version.Nowadays excellent rice flour is used, I used the string hopper rice flour and it came out excellent. So your choice to follow the method.)
- 3/4 cup of karamani required for both sweet and salt version , soaked for few hours and pressure cooked till lightly soft. Dont over cook.
- 2 green chillis finely chopped.some curry leaves .
- Salt to taste.
- Pinch of asafoetida.
- 2 tbsp grated fresh coconut.
- 2 cups water to prepare the dough
- 2 tsp oil.
- 1/2 tsp mustard seeds for tempering.
- 1/2 ts split udad dal
Ingredients for Jaggery adai or sweet adai.
- 1 cup rice flour same as above.
- A pinch of cardamom powder
- 1 cup jaggery powdered.
- 2 cups water to make the dough.
- 3 tbsp grated fresh coconut
To prepare the savory version of adai.
To prepare the sweet /jaggery version of adai
To prepare the adais ( savoury )
To Prepare the sweet adai
More about the festival and the significance in detail
festival which is celebrated at the time on Meena Sankranti or Sankramana. It
is celebrated at the moment when Tamil month Maasi ends and month Panguni
starts. Karadai is the name of a unique Nivedyam prepared on this day and Nombu
means Vratham or Upavasam.
from Yama, the Lord of Death on the very same day. Due to this legend
Karadaiyan Nombu is also known as Savithri Vratam. On Karadayan Nonbu day women
worship Goddess Gowri and offer her Karadiyan Nombu Nivedyam. After Puja women
tie the sacred yellow cotton thread known as Manjal Saradu or Nonbu Charadu for
well-being of their husband.
while unmarried girls observe it to get ideal person as their husband. On this
day married women and young girls wear yellow robes and pray to Hindu Goddesses
for long life for their husband or to get ideal person as their husband in the
the transition day when God Surya moves from Kumbha Rashi to Meena Rashi. Fast
breaking time for Savitri Nombu might fall any time between current day Sunrise
to next day Sunrise depending on time of Meena Sankramana.
the legend of Satyavan and Savitri. Based on this myth each region in India
observes an Upvaas in different time of the year. In Tamil Nadu, it is observed
during the transition of Tamil Month Maasi and Panguni. The story of Satyavan
and Savitri is a sub plot in the Mahabharata.
The legend behind the festival vratham
named Savitri. The King gave her the permission to choose her husband. One day,
Savitri met a young man in the forest who was carrying his blind parents in two
baskets balanced on either side of a stick. The young man was Satyavan.
Savitri decides to marry him. On enquiry, the King found out from Sage Narada
that Satyavan was the son of a deposed king and that he was destined to die in
Finally, the King relented and the marriage was conducted and the couple left
for the forest.
realized that Satyavan would die any moment. So she kept fast and always
followed him. She cooked a special adai and served it to her family and gave
some as offering to the Gods.
woods, he fell down and fainted. Soon, Savitri realized that Satyavan is dying.
Suddenly she felt the presence of Yama, the god of death. She saw him carrying
the soul of Satyavan and she followed Yama.
return back to her husband’s body. But she persisted and kept on following him.
Yama tried few tricks to persuade her but nothing worked. Then Yama said that
it is impossible for him to give back the dead as it is against the nature’s
law. Instead, he will give her three boons.
her father. With the second boon she asked that her in-laws be reinstated in
their kingdom with full glory.
he had been tricked by Savitri.
‘I appreciate you persistence. But what I liked more was you readiness to marry
a man whom you loved even though you knew that he would only live for a year.
Go back to your husband he will soon wake up.’
Basic preparations for Karadai Nombu
and Panguni month starts. The pooja is to be performed at this time. And the
fast is observed from the sunrise on the supposed transition day. (For example,
if the transition from Maasi to Panguni takes place at today 11 AM, then the
fast is from today’s sunrise till 11 AM.) The Savitri Nombu or fast breaking
time can be at anytime in the morning or evening.
yellow thread with few flowers and Karadai dish preparation.
Karadai Nombu Thread:
flowers and two pieces of turmeric pieces in the middle. When the thread is
tied around the neck, the flowers will be like a decoration on a necklace and
the turmeric in the center like a pendant.
karamani or toor gram and fresh butter.
decorating with mango leaves and drawing of kolam.
and Panguni begins. (This is bit tricky – the ideal method to find the time is
the temple priest or one who knows to read the Panchangam).
does not cook or eat rice.
banana leaf on the kolam or the puja area and place Karadai dish on the leaf.
Other items to place on the leaf are the betel leaf, betel nut, fruits,
coconut, banana and butter.
transition time, the nivediya is offered to the goddess.
bell or by performing an arati.
associated with Savitri Nombu
turmeric around the neck.
prasad along with Karadai dish.